Lions representation, postponements, the USSR in New Zealand and sin-bin time
February 27, 2012
Scotland's Arthur Smith captained the British & Irish Lions on their trip to South Africa in 1962 © PA Photos
Welcome to the latest edition of Ask John where renowned rugby historian John Griffiths will answer any rugby-related query you have!
So, if there's something you've always wanted to know about the game we love but didn't know who to ask, or you think you can stump our expert - then get involved by sending us a question.
In this edition, John Griffiths answers questions on Lions representation, Championship postponements, transferred Test matches, the USSR in New Zealand in 1991 and sin-bin timing.
Has there ever been a Lions tour selection where each of the four Home Unions has been equally represented? Peter Howells, Wales
For most of the 20th Century it was the norm for the Lions tour parties to comprise thirty players. It would therefore have been impossible for each of the four Home Unions to provide equal representation.
The closest to an even distribution occurred in 1962 when the tourists visited South Africa. On that tour the original party comprised nine Welshmen, eight Englishmen, seven Irishmen and six Scots, as follows:
Wales: Dewi Bebb, Ken Jones, Tony O'Connor, Bryn Meredith, Haydn Morgan, Alun Pask, David Nash, Kingsley Jones and Keith Rowlands
England: John Willcox, John Dee, Mike Weston, Richard Sharp, Dickie Jeeps, Budge Rogers, Peter Wright and Stan Hodgson
Ireland: Tom Kiernan, Ray Hunter, David Hewitt, Niall Brophy, Bill Mulcahy, Syd Millar and Willie-John McBride
Scotland: Arthur Smith (the tour captain), Ronnie Cowan, Gordon Waddell, Mike Campbell-Lamerton, John Douglas and David Rollo
Further to your recent piece on the France-Ireland postponement, could you list all of the matches in the Five/Six Nations Championship that have been postponed or even cancelled? Graham, England
International Championship cancellations & postponements since 1910 (when France played all four of the Home Unions for the first time):
Has poor weather ever caused a major Test match to be transferred from one ground to another at late notice? Matthew Richards, Wales
The logistical problems of re-seating a capacity Test crowd at late notice these days would almost certainly prevent such a transfer. Even so, it has happened three times in the past.
In January 1887 the Wales v England fixture was transferred from the main Stradey Park pitch at Llanelli to the adjacent cricket ground because of frost. A large crowd turned up to see Wales hold England to a draw for the first time, England having won all the previous encounters.
When New Zealand played Australia in Dunedin in September 1905, torrential rain so flooded the Carisbrook Caledonian Ground that a postponement was considered.
The Aussies, however, were keen to fulfil the fixture so, at late notice, it was transferred to Tahuna Park which, according to one newspaper report, "was in remarkably good order." There, the sandy surface had absorbed the torrential rains of the previous 36 hours and the New Zealanders, fielding 13 new caps, won 14-3.
It was effectively the home side's third fifteen. Three weeks earlier their leading players had set sail for their first rugby tour to Europe.
The only Five Nations match transferred at the eleventh hour was in Paris in 1924. The Seine had flooded the Stade Colombes pitch making it unplayable and so France entertained Scotland at the Stade Pershing grounds across the city in Vincennes. France won 12-10 scoring four unconverted tries.
Statsguru has an undetailed entry for a match between "Russia" and a New Zealand XV, taking place in Hamilton on 16 June 1991. (As I was living in Hamilton at the time, and we didn't get many national sides playing there, I'm surprised that I do not recall this.) Google and Wikipedia reveal few details, other than that the "Russian" team was probably a USSR side (one of the last?) and a match was also played against Canterbury. Are you able to find any more details of this tour? Paul, New Zealand
In 1991, in preparation for the second Rugby World Cup in Britain, France and Ireland, New Zealand hosted short tours by Western Samoa, Fiji, Romania and the USSR. There were no matches of Test status played by New Zealand against the tourists, but a side designated "A New Zealand XV" met both the Romanian and Soviet sides.
The USSR tour party comprised 26 players and was led from the front-row by Sergei Molchenov. They won four and lost four of the eight matches played:
May 25: W 25-24 v Nelson Bays (Nelson)
The tours gave the New Zealand selectors a chance to gauge the form of players likely to be on the periphery of selection for the World Cup. The teams in the representative match you refer to were as follows:
June 16, 1991 at Rugby Park, Hamilton
Tries: McCormick (2), Crossan (2), Maunsell (2), Tagaloa (2), Shelford, Carter
USSR : V Voropaev; A Zakarliuk, I Kuperman, A Kovalenko, I Mironov; S Boldakov, A Bychkov; E Kabylkin, S Molchenov (captain), R Bikbov, S Sergeev, E Ganiakhin, V Negodin, A Ogryzkov, A Tikhonov Replacements used: Y Nikolaev, V Zykov
Penalty Goal: Boldakov
Referee: Mr D J Bishop
In September, the USSR were guests of the RFU and played the Combined London Old Boys at Croxley Green (OMTs' ground) before meeting an England XV in a World Cup warm-up game at Twickenham where they lost 53-0 to a full-strength side led by Will Carling.
Their last representative matches as a united Soviet side were during the 1991-92 season. A team labelled "CIS" fulfilled their remaining FIRA Championship fixtures against Italy, Spain, Romania and France A.
Russia has competed as a separate entity at international level since 1992.
Could you further explain the 10 minutes spent by a player in the sin bin? As you stated recently, the player sits for 10 minutes of playing time. Does the time occurring after the 40 minute mark count as playing time? For example, let's say a player is yellow carded at the 33:00 minute mark. At the end of the first half a team maintains possession for an extended period and play goes on 4 minutes past when 40:00 rolls up. Does the card-ed player return at the beginning of the second half or must he wait until the 43:00 mark? Caleb A Borchers, United States
Yes, the time that the game is in play after the 40-minute mark is reached on the match clock does count on the sin-bin clock. So in your example you are perfectly correct in saying that the player should return for the second-half kick-off.
© ESPN Sports Media Ltd.
He teed up Obolensky's try, fought in Burma and played cricket for Warwickshire - we Rewind to look at the story of Peter Cranmer
With the World Cup just a year away, Tom Hamilton picks out five matches to ensure you have tickets for
Ahead of November's USA-All Blacks match, America's ESPN Magazine explains rugby to its readers who may not be familiar with the game
Tom Hamilton talks to World Cup-winning captain John Smit about life after rugby, his fears over the South African exodus and the World Cup