February 5 down the years
And then there were six
Alessandro Troncon celebrates Italy's win over Scotland in 2000
© Getty Images
The first-ever Six Nations Championship kicked off with newcomers Italy beating Scotland 34-20 in Rome's Stadio Flaminio. Fly-half Diego Dominguez contributed 29 of the winners' points against the reigning champions, with replacement prop Giampiero de Carli scoring their only try. Italy have only won five further games since their admission to the tournament, all against Scotland or Wales.
A corner try by Shane Williams and a gigantic late penalty kicked by Gavin Henson brought Wales an 11-9 triumph over England - their first win against the old enemy for six years. In front of a big crowd at the Millennium Stadium Wales won a tense game, with Charlie Hodgson keeping England in touch with the boot. Henson's late kick was accompanied by two crunching hits on England debutant Mathew Tait and set Wales on their way to a first Grand Slam since 1978.
England beat Scotland at Kennington Oval in the first international match to be staged on English soil. The Scots had won the previous fixture in Edinburgh, the first Test match of all time, although this time England won by two goals to one and also scored three tries.
A severe cut sustained by Scotland outside-half Jim Tennent early in the match against Wales led to the IRB laying down strict safety regulations about the diameter and shape of boot studs.
The referee led the Wales and Scotland players off the field at Swansea when spectators invaded the playing area. Scotland won 14-8 thanks to tries from John Buchanan, Allen Sloan and Alpin Thomson.
In the first international match between teams of 15-a-side England beat Ireland at The Oval. Teams of 20 had contested all previous internationals. Englans scored four tries and fullback Lennard Stokes knocked over two conversions for a two goals to nil victory.
Ireland beat England for the first time thanks to three-quarter Daniel Rambaut's two conversions in a two goals to nil victory. Ireland's John Macauley got married to qualify for compassionate leave - the only way he can get time off to travel up to Dublin for the match. His wife fully endorsed his enthusiasm.
Harry Rees, dazed by an accidental kick to the head, was penalised in the last minutes of the Scotland-Wales match at Murrayfield. Scotland's Wilf Crawford kicked the penalty to add to the try and conversion he had scored earlier to carry his side to an 8-6 win in a Triple
Scotland ended an unwanted run of 17 successive Test defeats (since 1951), beating Wales 14-8 at Murrayfield. Scrum-half James Nichol and wing Arthur Smith scored the Scottish tries.
Gareth Edwards scored a try in the Cardiff slime at the south-east corner of the Arms Park with a memorable solo effort from his own 25 as Wales overwhelm Scotland 35-12. Edwards' effort was one of two tries for the legendary scrum-half, with centre Roy Bergiers, wing Gerald Davies and flanker John Taylor completing the rout.
British Telecom became the first company to sponsor a Five Nations match when Wales draw 13-13 with England at Cardiff.